How to implement differentiated learning effectively

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In the last article, we talked about different learning style theories.
Today we will talk about the Differentiated learning approach

ًWhat is Differentiated Learning?

It is a method intended to make education more adapted to the different needs of students. In other words, we use a teaching method to separate education according to students’ sizes. Who are different from each other by nature
Each lesson has clear learning objectives and goals for all students without differentiation. But let me ask a question: Don’t you always notice differences between your students? For example, who can read quickly and others who are slow in reading?
Instead of using a single method of explanation, such as giving direct instructions, the teacher can use various approaches that help him explain, whether in groups or for each student individually. This should be clear in the lesson planning from the beginning.

What are the axes of differentiated education?

According to Tomlinson, there are four areas of differentiation:
1- Content: We must specify what information this student or group needs. And types of content like videos, games, articles, photos, etc.
2- Procedures: Each group of students needs to do the activities. Let each group do a different activity than the second group. For example, if in a reading lesson. A group will write a paragraph or a short piece of text about what they heard. Another group will theatrically write the text and represent it. A third group will draw a poster summarizing the events of the text and so on. In this way, the process or procedures differ according to the needs of the students.
3- Projects: The project is how the student expresses his understanding. Not all students should take on one project or be obliged to one delivery method. And we will have other stops with the subject of this project, God willing.
4- The educational environment: It simply determines what students feel in the classroom and how the students interact with each other in the class within the period. And we should ask these questions to perform a differentiated learning environment:
  • What are the forms of work groups, for example?
  • Is it working groups or not?
  • And how to move around in the classroom.
To do differentiated education, we must focus on diversification in content, procedures, projects, and the educational environment.

How do I start applying differentiated education?

1- Read the lesson well.
2- Define the main learning objectives
3- Get back to the class list and clearly define the needs of your students
4- Implement the four differentiation axes that we talked about
This is how the children will understand better because you have identified their needs and built the whole lesson from content to project procedures within the framework of different learning environments according to the students’ needs.
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